Considered a grape for connoisseurs, this grape is known for making some of the best wines in the world.
Colour: Light green to golden yellow, this grape at its maturity, appears reddish-brown with spots.
Frequency: Very-well planted worldwide.
Synonym(s): had various synonyms which are no longer used, such as “Gentil aromatique” in Alsace (France) or “Pétracine” in Moselle (France).
Origin: Germany Roman period appeared in Alsace in the 9th century.
Maturity: 2nd period
Sensitivity to diseases: this grape variety is sensitive to powdery mildew and grey rot.
Area(s) Cultivated: best planted in poor soil or stony soil such as schist or clay soil. It is planted internationally.
France → Alsace mainly even if you can find it a little bit in Languedoc..
Europe → Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Czech Repulic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, etc.
Worldwide → Russia, USA (mainly California, Oregon , Washington), South Africa, Australia,New Zealand, Canada, Mexico. Even in China and South Korea.
Type of Wines Profile(s) – Mainly making dry white wines with good acidity; it is also famous for its sweet white wines. It makes even sparkling wines in Russia, or “Vin de glace” in Canada.
Facts and tips:
- Fake Riesling exists such as “Grey Riesling” used in California , which is in fact the grape variety “Trousseau”. In the same spirit, “Clare Riesling” in Australia is the grape variety “Crouchen”. When called “Hunter river Riesling” it is a “Semillon”, when called ” Frankenriesling” , it is in fact a “Sylvaner”. Finally in Brazil they call “Riesling de Caldas”, the “Duchess” grape variety when it is a “Labrusca” hybrid.
- In Germany Riesling is the 2nd white grape variety being planted with 22000 ha cultivated.
- “Riesling rouge” exists and differs from the colour which is pink.
- Grape used for the appellation “Vendanges tardives” in Alsace.