Colour: violet-black colour
Its name comes from its color which resembles that of plum. Mainly planted in Jura (France), it is known to be part of the making of the “vin de Paille” and light red wine of the Savoie region.
Frequency: Rare, only planted in France, it represents 300 ha.
Synonym(s): Various “Pelossard”, “Ploussard”, “Pleusard”. It is also called “mescle” in Ain (France) which means “mix”, it refers at the grape color which is sometimes hard to describe.
Origin: Franche-Comté (France) 1386 first named “polozard”.
Maturity: 1st period
Sensitivity to diseases: with its thin skin, it is really sensitive to grey rot (disease caused by the fungus Botrytis Cinerea which, if not controlled, can destroy berries), powdery mildew (disease caused by the fungus Podosphaera nector which makes the leaves dry and fall off), and Oidium.
Area(s) Cultivated: delicate grape variety, which likes limestone and clay soils, and is sensitive to frost.
France →Jura, Ain, Doubs.
Type of Wines Profile(s) – Red, rosé, white (“blanc de noir”), sparkling and “vin de paille” Jura. Good acidity, lightly perfumed, and pale color.
Facts and tips:
- Blended with Savagnin and Chardonnay it makes the “vin de paille”.
- It was first used as a table grape
- Its thin skin makes it hard to transport which slow down its commercialization.