Phenolic compounds – Natural compounds present in grape skins and seeds.

Phylloxera – Originating in the USA, a microscopic insect that kills grape vines by attacking their roots.

A breakout in the 19th century nearly destroyed almost all of the European wine industry.

PlonkBritish slang for inexpensive wine.  Also used to describe very low-quality wines.

Press wine (Wine from press) – Red wine from the first pressing of the solid parts of the grape.

It is usually  more rich in color and tannins than the “free run wine.”